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Busy Shipping Lane off Denmark Closed Due to Malfunctioning Harpoon Missile

April 5 ------ A portion of the Great Belt Strait off the coast of Denmark was closed to shipping and air traffic on Thursday after Denmark’s Defense Command and Maritime Authority warned of the dangers from a malfunctioning Harpoon missile. After having suspended traffic for hours, they announced the waterway would reopen at 2000 Thursday night. It came as the second embarrassing incident reported in 24 hours which on Wednesday night led to the dismissal of the country’s chief of defense. 


The Defense Command issued a statement Thursday morning reporting the incident to the police and Danish Maritime Authority while advising that “ships in the direction of the danger zone are notified and asked to wait for the problem to be resolved.” The airspace is also closed in the area around Korsor, a town in southeast Denmark near the passage between the North Sea and the Baltic. It is also home to one of the country’s leading naval bases. 


The incident happened at the end of several weeks of naval exercises involving the Danish Navy and other members of NATO. The exercise was due to end tomorrow, April 5, and today included a test of the missile system aboard the Danish frigate Niels Juel which is docked at Naval Station Korsør. The navy reported the booster portion of the rocket had been activated and malfunctioned meaning they were unable (they thought) to deactivate the missile. The missile, which carries 150 kg of explosives, had not been armed and according to the Navy only the booster was activated and there was no danger of an explosion. “Until the booster is disabled, there is a risk that the missile could launch and fly several kilometers away,” Defense Command warned. “Specialists are on their way to solve the problem.” 


The danger area was being estimated up to approximately four miles to the south of the base and the command says the missile would not reach a height over 1,000 meters (3,300 feet) above the water. However, it did reach into the strait between the islands of Zeeland and Funen which is the primary shipping channel in the area. The danger did not include the Great Belt Bridge with reports that cars and trains were proceeding normally. Ships however have been advised to anchor and not enter the zone. 


Defense Command reported late on Thursday that specialists from the Ministry of Defense's Material and Procurement Agency worked during the afternoon to investigate whether it was an arming of the launch vehicle or whether it was an electronic error message. The specialists carried out a number of different tests after which Defense Command said, "it was established that the booster was not armed and that there is no longer a risk that the missile can be launched." 


News of this latest incident comes a day after the Danish media leaked a report that another frigate the Iver Huitfeldt suffered systems failures while it was in the Red Sea. The vessel’s air defense system was reported to have been down for 30 minutes while they were engaging Houthi drones and several of the shells fired exploded prematurely. The frigate was later recalled early from the Red Sea. 


Denmark is in the midst of a rapid increase in defense spending in part to meet the NATO target of two percent of GDP and due to the increased threats from Russia after the invasion of Ukraine. On Wednesday night, Denmark’s Defense Minister Troels Lund Poulsen reported that he had lost trust in the Chief of Defense General Flemming Lentfer. He dismissed the general after the reports that the incident with the Iver Huitfeldt had not been reported to the defense minister for nearly a month.  



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